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Midterm_Study_Guide - AD/BC/BCE/CE how you date things...

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AD/BC/BCE/CE: how you date things. Agriculture: Archaeobotanists/Paleoethnobotanists have traced the selection and cultivation of specific food plant characteristics, such as a semi-tough rachis and larger seeds, to just after the Younger Dryas (about 9,500 BC) in the early Holocene in the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent. Ahmose: was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt and the founder of the Eighteenth dynasty. He reigned between approximately 1550 BC-1525 BC. Upon assuming the crown, he became known as Neb-pehty-re Alexander the Great: see notes Amorites: refers to a Semitic people who occupied the country west of the Euphrates from the second half of the third millennium BC, and also the god they worshipped (see Amurru). Amorites was used by the Israelites to refer to certain highland mountaineers, or hillmen Anatolia: is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion, Rumelia. It means "rising of the sun" or "East". The Turkish word Anadolu derives from the original Greek version. It also often called by the Latin name of Asia Minor . Because of its strategic location at the intersection of Asia and Europe, Anatolia has been a cradle for several civilizations since prehistoric ages, with Neolithic settlements such as Çatalhöyük (Pottery Neolithic) Archon: is a Greek word that means "ruler" or the like, though it is frequently encountered as the title of some specific public office. In form the word is simply the masculine participle of the verb stem αρχο-, derived from the same root that appears in words such as monarch and hierarchy . Assyria: As the Hittite empire collapsed from onslaught of the Phrygians (called Mushki in Assyrian annals), Babylon and Assyria began to vie for Amorite regions, formerly under firm Hittite control. The Assyrian king Ashur-resh-ishi I defeated Nebuchadnezzar I of Babylon in a battle, when their forces encountered one another in this region. When Nabonassar began the neo-Babylonian dynasty in 747 BC Assyria was in the throes of a revolution. Upon Ashurbanipal's death in 627 BC, the empire began to disintegrate rapidly. Athens Battle at Salamis: was a naval battle between the Greek city-states and Persia, fought in September, 480 BC Battle of Aegospotami: The Battle of Aegospotami was the last major battle of the Peloponnesian War. In the battle, a Spartan fleet under Lysander completely destroyed the Athenian navy. Battle of Marathon: was the culmination of King Darius I of Persia's first major attempt to conquer the remainder of the Greeks and add them to the Persian Empire, thereby securing the weakest portion of his Western border. 490 BC Battle of Thermopylae: In the Battle of Thermopylae of 480 BC an alliance of Greek city-states fought the invading Persian army in a mountain pass. Though vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back the Persian advance in order to buy time for the evacuation of Athens and the preparation of a greater Greek fighting force Calendar: Cartouche: Cleisthenes: was a noble Athenian of the accursed Alcmeonidate family. He is credited with reforming the
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