Lecture 8 - American Politics Spring 2006 Lecture 7:...

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American Politics Spring 2006 Lecture 7: Political Parties and Interest Groups
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What Do Interest Groups Do? Lobby (persuasion) Provide information. Campaign contributions Goal: shape policy outcomes. Question: How much power? Elections about counting heads or weighing them?
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0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Pharmacuticals and Health Products Insurance Companies Oil and Gas Companies Computer Equipment and Services Securities and Investments Issues Groups Lobbiing Expenditures, 1998 - 6/2004 ($ millions) Massive business lobbying Significant gov’t lobbying Much less by issues groups
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Common Wisdom Interest drives organization. Organization more likely when benefits “big,” costs “small.” Success more likely when group large. Costs of organization spread out More members = political power, success more likely. Organizations responsive to members.
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Who Cooperates? Cooperation is not automatic. Some interests latent (unorganized). Smaller groups more likely to organize. Some organizations provide benefits unrelated to mission. Groups dominated by their leaders.
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February 2, 2006 Budget Measure Increases College Loans and Rates By JONATHAN D. GLATER With the narrow passage of the spending bill by Congress yesterday, students and their parents will be able to borrow more money to pay for higher education but will face higher interest rates on these federal loans beginning in July.
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PL SC 001 taught by Professor Gold,suzannemcampbell,thomasc during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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Lecture 8 - American Politics Spring 2006 Lecture 7:...

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