Lecture 9 - American Politics Spring 2005 Lecture 9:...

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American Politics Spring 2005 Lecture 9: Political Parties
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What are Political Parties? Party in Government: Group that plots legislative strategy Contest elections to increase party cohort. Party Organization: Group that runs candidates for office. Mechanism for defining general election options (primaries). Party in Electorate: Citizen predispositions. Party ‘brand names’
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Decentralized Parties Different levels of party are financially, organizationally independent. No nec’y agreement among candidates, office-holders. Voters don’t see parties as unified teams. Coattails trivial to negative, split ticket voting high. Party-based rewards, retribution v. rare. Why: Electoral resources decentralized. Party leaders don’t control ballot access. Separation of powers. Voter dislike of parties in the abstract.
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$1 $10 $100 $1,000 Democratic Party of Ohio Democratic State Central Cmte/California Dollars for Democrats Democratic Executive Cmte of Florida Michigan Democratic State Central Cmte 2004 Democratic National Convention Cmte Kerry Victory 2004 Democratic Senatorial Campaign Cmte Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte Democratic National Cmte Total Receipts for 2003-04 ($ millions) Note logarithmic scale -- increases by factors of 10 The National Committee raises the most money, but state, congressional , and candidate groups raise a lot on their own
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Party in Government Democratic/Republican caucuses. Formulate agendas
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Lecture 9 - American Politics Spring 2005 Lecture 9:...

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