CHAP22.PDF - East Asia Under Challenge 1800–1914 Key...

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680 East Asia Under Challenge 1800–1914 Key Events As you read this chapter, look for the key events in the development of East Asia. • Western nations used political persuasion and military strength to gain trading privileges with China and Japan. • China’s internal problems made it easier for Western nations to penetrate the countr and strengthen their influence. • Japan’s ability to adopt Western ways and to maintain its own traditions enabled it to develop into a modern, powerful nation. The Impact Today The events that occurred during this time period still impact our lives today. • The issues raised by the Opium War continue to be addressed, since drug addiction is still a major international problem. • Japan has one of the world’s largest industrialized, free-market economies. • China’s large market continues to attract Western business and trade. World History Video The Chapter 22 video, “The Russo-Japanese War,” chronicles the conflict between Russia and Japan. 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1841 British forces seize island of Hong Kong 1868 Meiji Restoration begins 1860 Europeans seize Chinese capital of Beijing 1854 Treaty of Kanagawa initiates United States–Japanese relations 1842 Treaty of Nanjing establishes trade between China and Great Britain Chinese workers pack tea for export.
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681 A British steamship attacks Chinese naval forces off the coast of China during the Opium War. HISTORY Chapter Overview Visit the Glencoe World History Web site at and click on Chapter 22–Chapter Overview to preview chapter information. wh.glencoe.com 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1905 Sun Yat-sen forms Revolutionary Alliance in China 1910 Japan annexes Korea c. 1900 Japan’s industrial sector begins to grow 1911 Chinese revolution starts Meiji-era train depot Sun Yat-sen
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682 ike the countries of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Africa, the nations of East Asia faced a growing chal- lenge from the power of the West in the nineteenth century. In China, Westerners used their military superiority to pur- sue their goals. In 1860, for example, Great Britain and France decided to retaliate against the Chinese, who had tried to restrict British and French activities. In July, combined British and French forces arrived on the outskirts of Beijing. There, they came upon the Old Summer Palace of the Chinese emperors. The soldiers were astounded by the riches they beheld and could not resist the desire to steal them. Beginning on October 6, British and French troops moved through the palace. They took anything that looked valuable and smashed what they could not cart away. One British observer wrote, “You would see several officers and men of all ranks with their heads and hands brushing and knocking together in the same box.” In another room, he said, “a scram- ble was going on over a collection of handsome state robes . . .
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