CHAP16.PDF - The East Asian World 1400–1800 Key Events As...

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482 The East Asian World 1400–1800 Key Events As you read this chapter, look for the key events in the history of the East Asian worl • China closed its doors to the Europeans during the period of exploration between 1500 and 1800. • The Ming and Qing dynasties produced blue-and-white porcelain and new literary forms. • Emperor Yong Le began renovations on the Imperial City, which was expanded by succeeding emperors. The Impact Today The events that occurred during this time still impact our lives today. • China today exports more goods than it imports. • Chinese porcelain is collected and admired throughout the world. • The Forbidden City in China is an architectural wonder that continues to attract people from around the world. • Relations with China today still require diplomacy and skill. World History Video The Chapter 16 video, “The Samurai,” chronicles the role of the warrior class in Japanese history. 1400 1435 1470 1505 1540 1575 1405 Zheng He begins voyages of exploration 1514 Portuguese arrive in China 1550 Ming dynasty flourishes Chinese sailing ship Ming dynasty porcelain bowl
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Art or Photo here 1610 1645 1680 1715 1750 1785 HISTORY Chapter Overview Visit the Glencoe World History Web site at and click on Chapter 16–Chapter Overview to preview chapter information. wh.glencoe.com 1603 Tokugawa rule begins “Great Peace” 1644 Last Ming emperor dies 1661 Emperor Kangxi begins 61-year reign 1750 Edo is one of the world’s largest cities 1793 Britain’s King George III sends trade mission to China 1796 White Lotus rebellion weakens Qing dynasty 1598 Japanese unification begins The Forbidden City in the heart of Beijing contains hundreds of buildings. Japanese samurai 483
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484 n 1793, a British official named Lord George Macartney led a mission on behalf of King George III to China. Macartney carried with him British products that he thought would impress the Chinese so much that they would be eager to open their country to trade with Great Britain. King George wrote in his letter to the Chinese emperor: “No doubt the exchange of goods between nations far apart tends to their mutual convenience, industry, and wealth.” Emperor Qianlong, however, was not impressed: “You,  O King, are so inclined toward our civilization that you have sent a special envoy across the seas... to present your native products as an expression of your thoughtfulness ....  As a matter of fact, the virtue and prestige of the Celestial Dynasty having spread far and wide, the kings of the myriad nations come by land and sea with all sorts of precious things. Conse- quently, there is nothing we lack, as your principal envoy and others have themselves observed. We have never set much store on strange or ingenious objects, nor do we need any more of your country’s manufactures.” Macartney was shocked. He had believed that the Chinese
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