Wine Study guide italy - Google Docs.pdf - Italy \u25cf Italian Wine Styles \u25cb Reds are considered the best bc of warm climate and good indigenous

Wine Study guide italy - Google Docs.pdf - Italy u25cf...

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Unformatted text preview: Italy ● Italian Wine Styles ○ Reds are considered the best bc of warm climate and good indigenous varieties like Nebbiolo and Sangiovese ○ White becoming popular as the taste for unoaked whites increases ○ White fermented in stainless steel and drunk young ● All Italian wines are rated in a guide called the Gambero Rosso ● Vinitaly is an Italian wine fair held every year in Verona that attracts 143,000 visitors ● Italian Wine Law Pyramid ■ Passed in 1963 constantly being modified and updated ○ DOCG ■ Includes only the greatest Italian wines ○ DOC ■ Similar to French AOC ■ Includes grape varietal, geographic boundaries, yield ○ IGP ■ Before IGT changed in 1992 ■ Guarantees that a wine is typical of an area ■ Some truly fine wines in this category ○ Vino Da Tavola ■ Unclassified Table Wine ■ Only show the wine’s color and producer on the bottle ■ No varietal or geographic region allowed ■ Has some of Italy’s best or worst wines ● Reading Italian Labels ○ Riserva ■ A higher quality wine with longer mandatory maturation ○ Superiore ■ Wines with a higher level of alcohol ○ Classico ■ A portion of a wine region that has traditionally produced better wines than other parts of the region ○ Amabile ■ Semisweet ○ Secco ■ Dry ● Italy Wine Region ○ Piedmont ■ “Foot of the mountains” ■ Positioned against the Alps in the NW of Italy ■ Continental climate: cold winter and warm, wet summers ■ Has a wide variety of wines made here but m ost famous for Nebbiolo wines ● Wine: Barolo and Barbaresco ● Piedmont Sub­Regions Wines ○ Barolo DOCG ■ Produces the fullest, longest­lived Nebbiolo ■ Many single vineyards with significant differences in terroir that produce a vast array of wines ■ Barolos are highly tannic ■ Aromas of tar, roses ○ Barbaresco DOCG ■ Located next to Barolo and produces similar, long aging Nebbiolo wines ○ Grattinara DOCG ■ Lighter than Barolo and Barbaresco and drunk younger ○ Barbera d’Alba and Barbera d’Asti DOC ■ Wines made with the Barbera grape ■ Features lively berry flavors and high acidity ○ Dolcetto d’Alba DOC ■ “Little sweet one” ■ Does not age well ○ Asti DOCG ■ Made from Moscato Grape ■ Produces sweet, sparkling wines with low alcohol ■ A semi­sparkling version also made called Moscato d’Asti ○ Valle d’Aosta ■ Small, mountainous region tucked between Switzerland and Piedmont ■ Produces some of the b est Italian Chardonnays ○ Liguria ■ A long, narrow, coastal region that stretches from Tuscany to France ■ Best wines are Vermentino and Pigato ○ Lombardy ■ East of Piedmont with many subregions all producing distinctive wines ● Franciacorta ○ DOCG sparkling wines made like traditional champenoise method ■ Chardonnay, Pinot Nero ○ Veneto ● A flat, fertile area which houses some of Italy’s largest wineries ● Largest producers of DOC wines ● Mild Climate ■ Veneto Regions ● Valpolicella DOC ○ Made mostly with Corvina grape ○ Several styles of Valpolicella produced including Recioto Della Valpolicella and Amarone ■ Valpolicella styles ● Recioto: drying the grapes on straw mats ○ Residual sweetness and are sometimes sparkling ● Amarone: wine that is fermented dry ● Ripasso: Refermented using the lees and the grape skins from Amarone fermentation ○ Richer style wine with yeast flavors ● Soave DOC and Soave Superiore DOCG ○ Wines produced using the Garganega grape ○ Distinctive wines with citrus and almond character ● Eastern Veneto ○ Mostly widely exported wine from this region is Prosecco ○ The region produces many Italy’s inexpensive IGT varietally labeled wines including Chardonnay, Merlot and a large amount of Pinot Grigio ■ Prosecco ● Sparkling wine made from the Prosecco or Glera grape ○ Light apple character, higher acidity ● Tank or Charmat method ● Cheaper champagne ○ Friuli ■ Divided into two areas ­ flatter, low­lying areas, and hillier eastern areas ■ Flatter areas make good wines (both red and white) ■ Hilly areas make some of Italy's best ● Friuli Grapes ○ Picolit: Unusual variety often used in sweet dessert appassimento wines ○ Pinot Grigio: an international variety that yields wines of a distinctive style in Friuli ■ Spicy minerally, apply flavors with good structure ○ Collio and Collio Orientali (wines) ■ Some of Italy's best white wines ■ Producers here help develop Italy's modern winemaking tradition ○ Trentino­Alto Adige Region ■ Trentino ● Production dominated by large cooperatives but level od winemaking is quite high ● Pinot Grigio, Muller Thurgau, Sauvignon Blanc ■ Alto Adige ● Very close to German language ● Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Nero, Gewurztraminer, sylvaner ■ Emilia­Romagna ● Famous wine: Lambrusco ○ Frizzante red wine ○ Charmat process ● Central Italy Wine Regions ○ Tuscany ■ Most important and well­known regions ■ A key figure in changing the laws of modern Italian wines ■ wines: ● Chianti DOCG ○ Sangiovese =75 ○ White grapes= 10 ○ Ages for 27 months and have 12.5 % Alc ● Chianti Classico DOCG ○ Less white grapes and very often Cabernet Sauvignon ● Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG ○ Hilly town of south Chianti ○ Sangiovese and Merlot ● Brunello di Montalcino DOCG ○ Longest lived and riches ○ Sangiovese = 100 ○ Aged 4 years ● Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG ○ Dry white ○ Vernaccia Grape ■ Super Tuscan Wines ■ Grapes: ● Sangiovese Grape ● Spicy raspberry and cherry note ■ Regions in Tuscany ● Bolgheri ○ Super Tuscan wine ○ Famous winery Sassicaia and Ornellaia ● Vin Santo ○ Dried and crushed ○ Small oak with special yeast ● Marches ○ On the Adriatic coast below Tuscany ○ grape : ■ Verdicchio grape (w) ■ Sangiovese ■ Montepulciano ● Abruzzi ○ 2 principal DOCs wine ■ Trebbiano d’Abruzzo ■ Montepulciano d’Abruzzo ● Molise ○ tiny, hill region ○ Both red and white ○ Little exported ● Umbria ○ Wine: ■ Orvieto DOC ● grapes:Trebbiano, Vedello, Grechetto, Drupeggio, and Malvasia ● Latium ○ Next to Rome ○ Modest quality ○ Wine: ■ Frasicati ● Grapes: Trebbiano, Greco, and Malvasia ● Southern Italy Wine Regions ○ Campania ■ Best wines in the south of Tuscany ■ Wine ● Taurasi DOCG ■ Grapes: ● Greco, Fiano, and falaghina ○ Apulia ■ Produces the most ■ Wine: ● A small portion is DOC ■ Grape: ● Vino Da Tavola ● Zinfandel ○ Basilicata ■ Only DOC one of the best in Southern Italy ■ Grape: ● Aglianico del Vulture ○ Thick skin not scared to cold ● The Italian Islands ○ Sicily ■ Production small amount of DOC ■ Tradition wines from part of Sicily ■ Grapes: ● Nero d’Avola ■ Wine ● Marsala ○ Cooking wine ○ Sardinia ■ Few world­class wines and some modest quality wines ■ Grapes: ● Grenache, and Vermintio ■ Wines: ● Vermintino di Gallura DOGC ○ Full­bodied white ...
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