W.E.B. Du BoisOne of the most important African-American activists during the first half of the 20th century. He co-founded the NAACPand supported Pan-Africanism.Souls of Black FolkLed Niagara Movement-equal rights for blackRevealed bigotry in the militaryProtested racist films Birth of a nation)Born: 1856 in Hale's Ford, VirginiaDied: November 14, 1915 in Tuskegee, AlabamaBest known for: Opening the Tuskegee InstituteHe was the first African-American man on a U.S. postage stamp.The "T" stands for Taliaferro, a name given to him by his mother.Booker recruited the famous plant scientist, George Washington Carver,to come and teach at his school.His father was a white plantation owner. Booker never met him.He wrote a book about his life called Up from Slavery.He was married three times and had three children. His wivesall played important roles at the Tuskegee Institute.He was the first African-American man who was invited to the White House, not counting servants.Booker T. Washington13th AmendmentOfficially abolished slavery or unless punishment for a crime.1st of the reconstruction amendment. 15th AmendmentVoting for all men regardless of race1870, this amendment to the U. S. Constitution stated that citizens could not bestopped from voting "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.14th AmendmentState and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race both born or naturalized in the United States was reaffirmed.No state would be allowed to abridge the "privileges and immunities" of citizens.No person was allowed to be deprivedof life, liberty, or property without "due process of law."No person could be denied "equal protection of the laws.George Washington CarverPlant DoctorBelieved peanuts could fight polio1930 began treatment massages for patients with peanut oilThis began in 1896, when Booker T. Washington hired him to oversee the agricultural department at the Tuskegee Institute.Occupation: Scientist and educatorBorn: January 1864 in Diamond Grove, MissouriDied: January 5, 1943 in Tuskegee, AlabamaBest known for: Discovering many ways to use the peanutGrowing up George had been known as Carver's George. When he started school he went by George Carver. He later added the W in the middle telling his friends it stood for Washington.People in the south at the time called peanuts "goobers".Carver would sometimes take his classes out to the farms and teach farmers directly what they could do to improve their crops.His nickname later in life was the "Wizard of Tuskegee".He wrote up a pamphlet called "Help for Hard Times" that instructed farmers on what they could do to improve their crops.It takes over 500 peanuts to make one 12-ounce jar of peanut butter.Darwinism and social DarwinismUsing genetic heredity as an explanation for social success and failureEncouraged racismSurvival of the fittest, it is in your genes to have moneyand it makes you genetically inferior. Why would he inferior try to help the nonKipling: The White Man's Burden Justified Imperialism.