Conservative Nationalism and German Unification 1862-1870 Class Notes.docx

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Conservative Nationalism and German Unification: 1862-1870 I. Liberal Nationalism: 1815-1848 A. First half of the 19th century → nationalism and liberalism were very closely linked B. They were linked because they both are persecuted because the governments are controlled by restoration conservatives; they have a common enemy C. They are also both frustrated movements → nationalists want independent nations and liberals want liberal governments D. Come to link in 1848 → there are revolutions everywhere in Europe this year and all of the revolutions are liberal nationalists revolutions E. The revolutions in 1848 are a turning point in history when history failed to turned → all of these revolutions fail and end in defeat and the old order comes back to power; the big losers are the liberals and the nationalists and now the nationalists start to look around for other allies II. Old vs. New Conservatives A. Old Conservatives: Metternich vs. New Conservatives: Bismarck B. Similarities 1. Both princes; both aristocrats and come from the same social class 2. Both want to protect and preserve monarchy and aristocracy; want to

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