JUAN DE PLASENCIA
▪ A Spanish Friar for the Franciscan order who was in the Philippines for most of his missionary life ▪ Born in the early 16th century as Juan Portocarrero in Plasencia , in the region of Extremadura , Spain ▪ Fray Juan de Plasencia came together with the first batch of Franciscan missionaries in the Philippines.
▪ Wrote several religious and linguistic books including the Customs of the Tagalogs. ▪ Some may know him for his work, Doctrina Cristiana ( Christian Doctrine ) which was the first book ever printed in the Philippines .
▪ Wrote a number of books designed primarily to promote the understanding of both the Spanish language among the natives, and the local languages among the missionaries, to facilitate the task of spreading Christianity ▪ Died in Liliw , Laguna in 1590.
• Relacion de las Costumbres de Los Tagalos (1589) • La Santina • Un tomo de sermones varios en tagalog
Juan de Plasencia
Tagalog “Taga-ilog” Northern part of the Archipelago Source of life Source of transportation
D A T O S ▪ Governed the Tagalogs ▪ Captains in their wars ▪ Chief of the barangay (boat in the Malay language) ▪ Anyone who offended the dato and his family was severely punished
1. Maharlica 2. Aliping Namamahay 3. Aliping sa Guiguilir
M A H A R L I C A HIGHEST CLASS – NOBLES ▪ Freeborn ▪ Do not pay tax ▪ Accompany the dato in their war (warriors) ▪ When married, they cannot transfer from one village to another, or one barangay to the other, without paying a certain amount
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- Winter '13
- prof jane
- pH, Juan de Plasencia