Unit Exam 3.docx - John Quincy Adams Author of the Monroe Doctrine as secretary of state he was the 6th president and served 17 years as a congressman

Unit Exam 3.docx - John Quincy Adams Author of the Monroe...

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John Quincy Adams -- Author of the Monroe Doctrine as secretary of state, he was the 6th president and served 17 years as a congressman after his presidency. James Monroe – Virginian who served two terms as 5th president during the Era of Good Feelings, he declared Western Hemisphere off-limits to new colonization. Henry Clay – One of the “Great Triumvirate” of three pre-Civil War legislators, the Kentucky senator championed the American system of high tariffs and internal improvements. He was speaker of the House on three occasions and was named secretary of state after supporting John Quincy Adams in what Jacksonians termed the “corrupt bargain.” John C. Calhoun – One of the “Great Triumvirate” of three pre-Civil War legislators, the South Carolinian championed states’ rights and slavery. As vice president, he led opposition to the tariff of 1832, leading to his resignation and election to the Senate. Daniel Webster – One of the “Great Triumvirate” of three pre-Civil War legislators, the New Englander was a leading figure in the Whig party, twice serving as secretary of state and spending more than 25 years in Congress. American System - the policy of promoting industry in the U.S. by adoption of a high protective tariff and of developing internal improvements by the federal government (as advocated by Henry Clay from 1816 to 1828) corrupt bargain - When the 1824 election ended without any candidate receiving a majority in the electoral college, the House of Representatives awarded the election to John Quincy Adams. Dartmouth College v. Woodward - The 1819 Supreme Court case of Dartmouth College v.Woodward was, at its core, an issue of state power and contracts. ... The Supreme Court, under Chief Justice John Marshall, ruled in their favor, saying that New Hampshire had violated the so-called contract clause of the United States Constitution. election of 1828 - Was not focused on issues but the personalities of the candidates, the first election under the second party system and a big leap in voters. Adams (Nat. Republican) vs. Jackson (Democrats)- wins the election easily with Calhoun as vp. Gibbons v. Ogden - was a landmark decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation. internal improvements- term used historically in the United States for public works from the end of the American Revolution through much of the 19th century, mainly for the creation of a transportation infrastructure: roads, turnpikes, canals, harbors and navigation improvements. McCullough v. Maryland- Strengthened federal authority and upheld the constitutionality of the bank of the United States by establishing that the state of Maryland did not have the power to tax the bank.
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