final exam study guide

final exam study guide - 1 Review for Cultural Anthropology...

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1 Review for Cultural Anthropology Final Exam - Spring 2007 Questions from text Defining marriage – a series of customs formalizing the relationship between male and female adults within the family, socially approved, explicit contract Nayar marriage – husband doesn’t see wife after marriage, she continues to live with mother, visited by husbands later Cousin marriage and science- cross cousins children of siblings of opposite sex & parallel cousins- children of siblings of same sex, crosses can be considered for marriage Polygyny – 7/10 countries prefer polygyny, hard work for male Fictive kin- people who are not related by blood or marriage, adoption, close friends, frats/sororities, godship Inheritance and father figures in matrilineal descent systems- a woman, her siblings & her own children, sisters children, daughters children, property & office pass from a man to his sister’s son, most important relationship is with a man and his sisters son Finkelstein's study of homeless youth – 500,000-1.5 million youth in the U.S. run away or are kicked out, found that many were on the streets for a number of years, nomadic lifestyle, extensive network of friends and companions “Sex” and “gender” – gender is the way members of the 2 sexes are perceived, evaluated and expected to behave, sex- what you really are. Deep down. Examples of matriarchies- women more powerful than men, among the Minangkabau of West Sumatra, females + males interact more like partners than competitors Objectives of the milk-goat project in Malawi- u.s. federal government responsible for administering nonmilitary foreign assistance for developing countries, technical expertise about education, agriculture, health, they produced a hearty breed of milk producing goats for the children (who usually die before age 5 b/c theyre so malnourished) Why women in many parts of the world are particularly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS - gender inequalities: women’s economic dependence on men, and the threat of violence against women makes them less able to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; it is unacceptable in some places for a woman to say no to unwanted or unprotected sex What belief are most religions grounded in- all religions are similar in the way that they are all founded on a belief in the supernatural Imitative and contagious magic - imitative magic: a form of magic based on the idea that the procedure performed resembles the desired result (ex. voodoo) contagious magic: a form of magic based on the premise that, once in contact with a person (ex. lock of hair), continue to influence that person after separation Religion and magic as systems of supernatural belief - because both are systems of supernatural belief, they are non rational; whether religious or magical practices actually work cannot be empirically demonstrated, they must be acquired as a matter of faith; religion and magic share certain features but there are five main differences. Despite these differences, in actual practice the two are often found together
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final exam study guide - 1 Review for Cultural Anthropology...

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