Functional Foods and Supplements

Functional Foods and Supplements - 03/05/08 Functional...

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03/05/08 Functional Foods and Supplements I. Key Terms Functional Foods - Providing health benefits beyond the basic nutrition Phytochemicals - Health-promoting substances found in plant foods Zoochemicals - Health-promoting substances found in animal foods II. Phytochemicals in the Modern Diet Carotenoids - Yellow-orange pigments found in plants Also found in some fish and birds - Antioxidants Some have Vitamin A activity - Major examples β-Carotene, α-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin - Suggested health benefits Reduced risk of certain cancers, cardiovascular disease, and age-related eye diseases Flavonoids - Blue, red, or yellow pigments Found in vegetables, fruits, wine, grape juice, chocolate, and tea - Strong antioxidants - Some also have anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties - Suggested health benefits
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Protecting against cancer and cardiovascular diseases Indoles and Alliums - Sulfur-containing phytochemicals - Rich in cruciferous vegetables Also, garlic, onions, leeks, shallots - Stimulating the activity of enzymes that detoxify carcinogens
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course NUSC 160 taught by Professor Sui-caldera during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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Functional Foods and Supplements - 03/05/08 Functional...

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