SY-101-Final-Exam-Review.pdf - SY 101 OC Unit Test Review...

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SY 101 OC Unit Test Review The Sociological Perspective Charles Wright Mills and the Sociological Imagination - Sociology is the systematic study of human groups and their interactions - Sociological Perspective is a view of society based on the dynamic relationships between individuals and the larger social network in which we all live in - Personal troubles result from individual challenges (ex. Individual failing) and social issues (whole class failing) are caused by larger social factors - Quality of mind is the ability to view personal circumstance within a social context (ex. Not telling others you failed because it’s embarrassing but could’ve been a social issue) - To improve quality of mind students need to be exposed to sociological imagination, the ability to understand the dynamic relationship between individual lives and the larger society - People who are unable/unwilling to see the social world as it truly exists are cheerful robots What Makes You, You? Engaging the Sociological Imagination - Agency is the assumption that individuals have the ability to alter their socially constructed lives - Structure is the opportunities and constraints that exist within a network of roles, relationships, and patterns that are relatively stable and persistent over time Five Social Factors 1) Minority Status - Does your minority status influence how you relate to others or how you view other minorities? - By thinking of yourselves in the roles of people affiliated as a minority group, you begin to apply your sociological imagination 2) Gender - Society treats men and women differently, Canada remains a patriarchy Where men control the political and economic resources of society 3) Socioeconomic Status (SES) - SES is a term used to describe a combination of variables to classify or rank people on criteria such as income level, education, occupation and area of residence - Ascribed status is used to define a situation in which a person is assigned advantage or disadvantage simply through birth - Achieved status is the status a person gains through personal attributes and qualities - Sociology teaches us that the majority of those born poor remains poor 4) Family Structure - Regardless of a child’s age, higher income tends be related to better physical, social/emotional, cognitive and behavioural well-being 5) Urban-Rural Differences - The nature of growing up in either location is more subtle and contextual (ex. Subtle differences in a city-boy talking to a country-boy).
Three Revolutions: The Rise of Sociology The Scientific Revolutions - All about applying scientific principles to understanding our world, Auguste Comte believed that scientific principles including scientific observation, experimentation and logic could be applied to understanding the social world in which we live - Based on positivism (objective, scientific approaches) anti-positivism (subjective approach) Political Revolution - Occurred when people started to contemplate and in turn discover they had the power to think and change their worlds -

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