Homework assignment: In Qur’an read Surah’s: 109, 112, 711-27
Absolute/Pure monotheism; condemns polytheism and Trinitarian Christianity
and the commercialism of religion and idolatry.
Islam doesn’t emerge naturally out of Christianity. Is a thematic off-shoot of both
Judaism and Christianity. It is an Abrahamic faith: traces its roots and genealogy
back to Abraham.
-surrender or submission, as in to God; Arabic is very important to
Islam, is a semitic language from Hebrew. Islam (consonants s,l,m and salaam
have the same consonant sounds, this isn’t a coincidence;
peace is also in the word Islam)
(same consonant sounds in this word…
s,l,m. One who submits or surrenders to God, a practitioner of Islam)
(means “lord” or “God” in Arabic; same God as the God in Christianity and
(real Qur’an is in Arabic; made up of 114 Surah’s or chapters)
means recitation, refers to the book because the contents are meant to be read
aloud and heard.
: central prophet of Islam, through him God’s
perfect will is revealed. Final prophet of God.
Five major prophets: Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad.
Adam is technically God’s first prophet.
Muhammad (570-632CE); Born in Mecca, his parents died when he was very
young. He was raised by his uncle, Abu Talib. His uncle was well connected with
one of the most powerful tribes in Mecca. Around 25 years old, he gets married to
Khadijah. She’s a wealthy widow who is about 15 years older than him. They
have a daughter, Fatima, his only surviving daughter. He works less and spends
more of his time contemplating and meditating on society. The time before Islam
is referred to as a time of ignorance. Ramadan is the name of a month in the
Muslim/Arab calendar, its usually in late summer/early fall. During the month of
Ramadan Muhammad goes to a cave and just sits around.
During the month of Ramadan in the year 610, Muhammad has his first
revelation. The angel Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic) appears to him and speaks to him.
His first revelation is in the year 610. He gets more throughout the rest of his life.
He comes down from the mountain after this revelation and tells his wife. His
wife tells him to trust it and believe in it. Khadijah becomes important in Islam as
the good wife. His first four followers are his wife, his son-in-law/cousin: Ali Ibn
Abi Talib, his slave: Zayd Ibn Harithas (Muhammad sets him free and adopts him
as his son.), and his best friend: Abu Bakr.
By 613 he has a small following of about 60ppl. They are mostly poor or ex-
slaves. Society as a whole didn’t like him (because his message is contrary to the
current beliefs), but they couldn’t do anything about it because he had his uncle to
protect him and he was wealthy.