Study Guide Chapter 14 Edwards 9
Understand the meaning of all the Reconstruction Amendments (13
, & 15
Constitutional amendment ratified in 1868 that made all native-born or naturalized
persons U.S. citizens and prohibited states from abridging the rights of national citizens,
thus giving primacy to national rather than state citizenship.
Forbade state to deny citizens the right to vote on the grounds of race, color.
Understand why Reconstruction failed
Reconstruction failed because
Understand the key characteristics of Black communities after the Civil War.
Understand the key characteristics of Gilded Age economic philosophy.
Ten Percent Plan
A plan proposed by President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, but never
implemented, that would have granted amnesty to most ex-Confederates and allowed
each rebellious state to return to the Union as soon as 10 percent of its voters had taken
a loyalty oath and the state had approved the Thirteenth Amendment.