Study Guide Chapter 14 Edwards 9th V2.docx - Study Guide...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 12 pages.

Study Guide Chapter 14 Edwards 9 th V2 Understand the meaning of all the Reconstruction Amendments (13 th , 14 th , & 15 th ) 13 th - Prohibited slavery 14 th - Constitutional amendment ratified in 1868 that made all native-born or naturalized persons U.S. citizens and prohibited states from abridging the rights of national citizens, thus giving primacy to national rather than state citizenship. 15 th - Forbade state to deny citizens the right to vote on the grounds of race, color. Understand why Reconstruction failed - Reconstruction failed because Understand the key characteristics of Black communities after the Civil War.
Understand the key characteristics of Gilded Age economic philosophy.
Ten Percent Plan - A plan proposed by President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, but never implemented, that would have granted amnesty to most ex-Confederates and allowed each rebellious state to return to the Union as soon as 10 percent of its voters had taken a loyalty oath and the state had approved the Thirteenth Amendment.
- Lincoln’s wartime plan using executive orders. - 13 th amendment prohibited slavery. - Readmitted a state when only 10% of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the union and the state approved the 13 th amendment. - Congress countered with the Wade-Davis bill. - Required a majority of voters swearing a loyalty oath, and banned former Confederates from political office, and all Confederate officials losing the right to vote for life. - It was passed late in the session and Lincoln refused to sign it before Congress adjourned. Black Codes - Laws passed by southern states after the Civil War that denied ex-slaves the civil rights enjoyed by whites, punished vague crimes such as “vagrancy” or failing to have a labor contract, and tried to force African Americans back to plantation labor systems that closely mirrored those in slavery times - White supremacist controlled the new state governments under Johnson’s presidential reconstruction.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture