iroquois agriculture and mythology.docx - Lee 1 CPSC 131 Prof Rayburn Iroquois Agriculture and Mythology Among various ancient tribes that have

iroquois agriculture and mythology.docx - Lee 1 CPSC 131...

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CPSC 131 Prof. Rayburn May 10, 2018 Iroquois Agriculture and Mythology Among various ancient tribes that have agriculture and mythologies, the Iroquois is one of the Native American tribe that its agriculture and mythology had close relationship with. The Iroquois agriculture is deeply rooted and influenced by its mythology and the Iroquois mythology originated from the ancient environments and the crops that the Iroquois tribe consumed. It is interesting that main crops of the Iroquois agriculture had characteristics that were related to their myth. The Iroquois agriculture can be described as having a polycultural system, which the tribe used different variety of crops to consume. The polycultural system can also be described as companion planting, where two or more crops are planted together in a single plot, with combined agricultural techniques. Instead of having a monocultural system, which a tribe only plants and harvests a single crop, the Iroquois used a planting technique that is based on genetic diversity. The Iroquois would make tools for farming, which includes a wooden rake for leveling the soil and a wooden spade for digging the soil. It is interesting that in Iroquois culture, women were the owners of the land and were in charge of managing the fields. They were involved in the entire agricultural process from planting the seeds to harvesting the crops. Not only the Iroquois women were involved in overseeing the fields, they were also involved in collecting foods that are grown naturally, such as maple syrup, berries, nuts, and green vegetables. The Iroquois diet was mainly composed of corn, squash, green beans, lima beans, kidney beans, pumpkin, melon and tobacco, which the Three Sisters being the main important, and most popular crops of all. The Three Sisters include beans, corns, and squash. These three crops were the staples of Iroquois diet. The Three Sisters indicate the fact that the Iroquois tribe had a balanced nutritional diet. In nutritional wise of the Three Sisters, each of these three crops represented main nutritional components. Corns being the source of carbohydrates, beans being the source of protein, and squash being the source of vitamins, carbohydrates and fibers. In scientific aspect of the Iroquois agriculture, growing corns, beans and squash is not only has a great nutritional value, but also has distinct systems that are beneficial. These three crops result in high yield harvest when they are grown together. Corns and beans are known to be best partners for each other in agriculture, as they protect each other. With its large Lee 1
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upright stalks, corns are known to get less interference from the weeds and insects, and also act as a protection for the beans. Beans, vice versa, had merits for soil health as they produced nitrogen, which is important nutrient for growing plants. And finally, the large
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