ART HISTORY 2 NOTES.docx - ART HISTORY 2 NOTES*11-2 Interior of the Synagogne Dura-Europs Syria with wall paintings of old testament themes ca 245-256

ART HISTORY 2 NOTES.docx - ART HISTORY 2 NOTES*11-2...

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ART HISTORY 2 NOTES *11-2 Interior of the Synagogne, Dura-Europs, Syria with wall paintings of old testament themes ca. 245-256 Tempera on Plaster Reconstruction in national Museum, Damascus. Building preserved because filled with rubble Registers – diff levels of images Strange because images of religious figures Baptism used to only happen on Easter because Jesus rose again on Easter Jesus as shepherd taking care of sheep Catacombs-Tunnels and rooms used for burial built by several Christian families Fisherman out at sea, told story of sea monsters no one knew what a whale looked like Sarcophagus – carved stone coffin *11-7: Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, From Rome, Italy CA 359 Marble, 3’X8’ Museo storico del Tesordodella Basilica di San Pietra, Rome 2 center ones show Jesus Bottom- entering Jarualism on Donkey Top – Hierarchy – Jesus is center, tallest, biggest, focal pt Jesus on a thrown older bearded men under them with arch of fabric overhead = allegory/symbol representing the earth Center – axel of holiness Jesus has short hair, no beard, looks more Roman, 1st church based on vasiclica *11-9 Rest oredeut away view of plan of old St. Peter’s, Rome, Italy Begun ca 319 1. Nave – refers to center part of church where everyone sits 2. Aisle – walk down to get to seat 3 . Apse – bump out @ end that holds the alter 4. Transept – cross part, where priest stands and have ceremony 5. Narthex – entry way 6. Atrium – court yard Highest roof part is in Nave in order to drive eyes and thoughts upward Nave is separated from aisle by the colums The vaslicant plan for church 11-12 : Plan of Santa Contanza, Rome Italy. Ambulatory – aisle in circle *11-11: Interrior of Santa Costanza, Rome, Italy ca. 337-351 Built of constatine’s daughters grave (Constanza)
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Cruciform= when building is shape of cross *11-16- Christ as the Good shepherd, Mosaic from the entrance wall of the mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, Ca 425 Jesus’ clothes are gold and purple with gold cross in hand Mosaic of the Alps Goes into detail with BG -Astrophereic Perspective. Surrounded by stars with hidden crosses *11-17: Interior of St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna, Italy c. 50 *11-18: Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes, Mosaic from top register of the Nave wall of St. Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna Italy Ca 504 Jesus in purple, has cross in jeweled halo Jesus standing in cross pose Early books = great privilege, written in latin with no punctuation *11-20- Rebecca and Eliezer at the well folio 7 recto of the Vienna Genesis, early 6th century Tempera, gold, gold & silver on purple vellum(sheepskin), 1’X1’ Osterreichische Text written in gold and silver National bibliothek, Vienna Kings don’t have books just. ONLY church. October 14th 2014 Style/Period usually means chapter Byzantine Art and Architecture *12-2: Anthemius of Tralles & Isidorus of Miletus, aerial view of Hagia Sophia (Looking North), Constantinople (Istanbull), Turkey, 532-537 *12-3: Pendetives – dome comes to square box Squinches – dome to square
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