SOCI1111_Ihas_Assignment1_15December2017

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SOCI1111_Ihas_Assignment1_15December2017 Assignment 1 (Weight 15%) Part A Why is it important to distinguish between correlation (i.e., “relationship”) and causation? It is important to distinguish between correlation and causation in critically thinking and sociology because it cannot always be said that things cause one another when in correlation with one another. Causation would say that A is true because of B while in fact, correlation says it seems as if when A is happening so is B AND it seems as if when B is happening so is A. For example, there is a food truck in our small downtown core and it almost always has a line. One might suggest that the cause of the food truck line could be a number of things, that the cook is slow at getting orders out, there are no other places to eat but in fact, the food truck makes really delicious, really fast food, and there is a line because it is popular and it is popular so people are willing to stand in line. Word count 154 What are the key distinctions that divide the positivist, interpretive, and critical approaches in sociology? There are three significant perspective within the discipline of sociology, each come with their own unique standards for observing and drawing conclusions about human behavior. Positivisim, an approach to the study of sociology that focuses on the interpretation of experiments, statistics, and other qualitative result to understand the way that society functions. Interpretive sociology, focuses on sociology at a micro level, understanding society based on the understanding of it by individuals. Critical sociology has its focus in macro-level sociology and the inequality of power relationships and the understanding of society as historical. The key distinctions that divide the three perspective are: 1) whether they view society as following the norms or being in conflict with them, and 2) that they either view society as structured, that is with individuals fitting into that struct or that they view society as being fluid with individuals instigating change within that society. Word count 148 1
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SOCI1111_Ihas_Assignment1_15December2017 Part B Summarize the key principles by which scientific thinking is distinguished from non-scientific thinking, and discuss their application to sociology. Why is this distinction important? It is natural to be curious and to ask questions, a key component to both scientific and non- scientific thinking; however, the processes used to analyze information in these two ways of thinking are quite different and have very different results. It can be said that scientific thinking is
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  • Winter '16
  • William Little
  • Sociology, researcher

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