Lecture Notes.docx - Exams: 40% MC, 20% ID, 40% essay...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 40 pages.

The preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 40 pages.
Exams: 40% MC, 20% ID, 40% essayQuizzes: some in class, some in sectionMost readings not covered in lectures, covered in sectionIntro: America and Asian AmericansWho areAmericans?Native AmericansAmericans ofEuropeandescentAmericans ofAfricandescentAmericans ofWestern hemispheredescentAmericans ofAsiandescentWho are Asian Americans?U.S. citizensoU.S. born or naturalizedoConsiderHow long have they been there?Permanent residents? (Green card)Do they want to be considered American?Permanent residentsImmigrants% of total immigrants to U.S. by Region(1950-2009)Asian increasing, europe/western hemisphere decreasingChinese Emigration and ImmigrationI. History of Chinese EmigrationEmigration only makes sense when you have a border with limitsA. Internal migrationB. Emigration overseas7th century:Penghu Island and Taiwan15th century:Southeast Asian and Africa (peak maritime activity)
Qing Dynasty (1644-1911): prohibits emigration, tributary relation with smaller neighbors, limit contact withwestern worldoVast majority of Chinese are HanoLast emperor was Ming dynastyoQing is minority group following the Ming dynasty that assimilated Han cultureoGovernment very scared of people who were still loyal to the old dynasty and didn't want them to escape,avoiding punishment1847-1874:Coolie trade w/ Latin America18th century:Hawaii1849:CaliforniaII. Areas of Early Chinese EmigrationWhy would people want to leave China?Economic opportunityPushing outA. FujianB. GuangdongSanyiSiyiXiangshanIII. Reasons for EmigrationPush factorsOpium Wars: western world let inopre-1839:Canton (Guangzhou) andkehang (cohong)- Canton monopoly on import-exporto1839:opium and first waro1842:Treaty of Nanjing - open more ports, abolishkehang,pay indemnity, low tariff, allow more Christianmissionaries, cede Hong Kong, extraterritoriality (westerners exempt from law)Foreigners can "export" Chinese illegallyoConcessions to other westernersoImpact on Canton and locals
Loss of jobsTaxes raised to pay debtFarming becomes difficultSecond opium war(1856)and Treaty of Tianjin(1860)oOccupy CantonoLegalize opiumoCede Kowloon (in Hong Kong)Internal Problemso1850-1864:Taiping RebellionLoss of farmland - farmers leaveo1850s:Punti-Hakka ethnic feudso1850:Red Turban uprisingoNatural disastersPull factorsOpportunities overseasoSoutheast Asia: tradeoHawaii:trade, workoCalifornia:goldI. CaliforniaEarly historyoNative AmericansoSpanish Empireo1821:Mexican Independenceo1846-48:Mexican-American WarU.S. acquisitiono1848:Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, gold discovery
o1850:Compromiseo1853:Gadsden PuchaseChinese in CaliforniaoMiningoRailroadoAgricultureoManufacturingo(get more)A.Economic development HawaiiContact w/ outside (James Cook1778)Kamehameha I unifies Islands (1809)Subsistence > market economyLand redistribution (1848)oPrivatized the landChinese in HawaiioStart sandalwood trade, name Hawaii "sandalwood mountains"Declines after trees cut downo

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 40 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Winter
Professor
ZHAO

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture