Lecture 11 - The Establishment of Empire Powerpoint Slides.pdf

Lecture 11 - The Establishment of Empire Powerpoint Slides.pdf

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LECTURE 11 ROME AND HAN CHINA: THE ESTABLISHMENT OF EMPIRE Lecture Chronology Rome 753-509 BCE Roman Monarchy 509-27 BCE Roman Republic 264-146 BCE Punic Wars China 1046-221 BCE Zhou Dynasty (476-221 BCE Warring States period) 221-206 BCE Qin Dynasty 206 BCE 220 CE Han Dynasty Questions How did Roman expansion lead to further problems during the late Republic? How did Augustus utilize old Roman traditions to establish the Principate? What ideologies did the Qin and Han use in their governance? Key Terms Optimates vs. Populares Principate Legalism The Han Synthesis State Confucianism Reminder: Friday is Veterans Day (no sections) “Pompeii” – Roman, modern reconstruction
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PART III: ROME AND HAN CHINA: EMPIRES AT THE EDGES OF EURASIA Questions How did the Romans and Han Chinese maintain control of their empires, and especially conquered peoples? What political and religious ideologies did these empires utilize, and how did they engage with opposing traditions ? What impact did these empires have on societies beyond their borders, as well as later civilizations?
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Roman origins and the source problem A city-state ruled by kings Borrowing from neighbors Etruscans Greeks The Rape of Lucretia (by Sextus Tarquinius) L. Junius Brutus Roman Monarchy (753-509 BCE) Magna Graecia (Greeks) - Religion, political systems and citizenship, literature (later), etc. Etruria (Etruscans) - Urban planning, writing, proto- gladiatorial fighting, etc.
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The Roman Republic (509-30 BCE) res publica (“public thing”) instead of res privata Patricians vs. Plebeians 2 Consuls (and other offices) Senate Assemblies (Patrician, mixed, and Plebeian Council) Mixed Constitution (Representative Democracy with oligarchic influence) Conflict of the Orders in the Early Republic Secession of the Plebeians (early 5 th c. BCE) The XII Tables (early 5 th c. BCE) Tribune (early 5 th c. BCE) Plebeian Consul (367 BCE) Patricians Plebeians
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