Midterm I Study Guide.pdf - Yick Wo v Hopkins An 1880s case...

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Yick Wo v. Hopkins An 1880s case where the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a law race-neutral on paper, but administered in a non-neutral way, is an infringement on the Constitution. In 1880, an ordinance passed making it illegal to operate a laundry in a wooden building without a permit. A large majority of the city's laundries were operated in wooden buildings, and many were owned by Chinese people. However, Chinese owners were not granted permits. Yick Wo was a laundry facility, and its owner sued after being fined and imprisoned for continuing to operate. U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark An 1890s case where the Supreme Court rules that any child born in the U.S. becomes a citizen at birth. Wong Kim Ark was born in the U.S. and was refused re-entry after a trip abroad due to Chinese anti-immigration laws. He challenged the government's refusal to recognize his citizenship. Tape v. Hurley An 1880s case where a young girl was denied admission to a public school on basis of her ethnicity. Her parents sued the school board, and the courts decided that denying a child entrance to public school would violate both state law and the Constitution. Afterwards, the S.F. school board lobbied and led to a bill for segregated schooling for whites and "Mongolians." California Alien Land Law of 1913 This law prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship from owning or possessing long-term leases on agriculture land (the maximum was 3 years). The law was directed at the Japanese, but affected other Asian Americans. The effect of this was, as stated by the Japanese government "meant to discourage immigrantion...and create an inhospitable climate for immigrants already living in California." A 1920 law filled in some loopholes, such as restricting the 3 year maximum to no years, forbidding aliens to own stock in related companies, and requiring guardians of aliens to annually submit a report on their activities. This was in response to rising anti-Japanese sentiment in California. CCBA The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association, or huiguan ("meeting place") is a Chinese Association established in parts of the U.S. with large Chinese populations, particularly San Francisco. They deterred prostitution, encouraged immigrants to be moral, and discouraged
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  • Winter '08
  • ZHAO
  • Chinese American history, History of immigration to the United States, United States federal immigration and nationality legislation

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