Lecture 15 - Byzantium and the Rise of Islam Powerpoint Slides.pdf

Lecture 15 - Byzantium and the Rise of Islam Powerpoint Slides.pdf

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LECTURE 15 THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE AND THE RISE OF ISLAM Chronology Byzantine 527 - 565 CE Reign of Justinian Early Islam 57 0 - 632 CE Lifetime of Muhammad 632 - 661 CE Rightly - Guided Caliphs 661 - 750 CE Umayyad Caliphate Upcoming Events Fri., Dec. 1 st Final Paper due at 5 pm on Gauchospace Lecture Questions How did the accomplishments of Justinian demonstrate the continuity of Roman traditions and worldview? How was Islam a reflection of pre- existent traditions in Arabia? What are some of the reasons that the Arabs were successful in their early conquests? Key Terms Caesaropapism Hijra Constitution of Medina Peoples of the Book Adhan (Muslim Call to Prayer)
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PART IV: RELIGION AND POWER IN WESTERN EURASIA AND NORTH AFRICA, 500 1000 CE Questions 1. What direct and indirect pressures played a role in religious conversion during this period? 2. Did Christianity and Islam prevent the pursuit of other religious or intellectual traditions? (Be prepared to cite specifics) 3. What types of pilgrimage existed during this period, and what role did pilgrimage play in shaping political and religious communities?
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IBN KHALDUN (14 TH C. CE) ON THE RISE OF ISLAM The cyclical rise and fall of civilizations (nomadism vs. settled civilization) “Religious propaganda gives a dynasty at its beginning another power in addition to that of the group feeling it possessed as the result of the number of its supporters...This happened to the Arabs at the beginning of Islam during the Muslim conquests.” Statue of Ibn Khaldun at Tunis
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Angles Constantinople Rome Europe (ca. 500 CE) Saxons Franks Burgundians Visigoths Ostrogoths Vandals Eastern Roman Empire=Byzantine Empire
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JUSTINIAN (R. 527 - 565 CE) Justinian and retinue
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