Midterm Study Guide.docx - Course Themes Emerging religious...

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Course Themes Emerging religious systems o Contextualizing origins o Engagement with older traditions Social structure in law and religion o Law with religious components Political ideology o Ideology of kingship other systems o Conflict between ideologies Experiencing the "other" o Productive v. combative relationships o Ethnographical depictions Chronology 10000 BCE Agricultural Revolution 9000 BCE Jericho 7500 BCE Catal Huyuk 3500 BCE Bronze metallurgy 3300 BCE Writing appears in Mesopotamia 3300-2350 BCE Sumerian city-states 3100-2686 BCE Early Dynastic Period 2686-2160 BCE Old Kingdom 2600-1700 BCE Early Indus Civilization 2334-2193 BCE Akkadians 2160-2055 BCE First Intermediate Period
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2110-2000 BCE 3rd Dynasty of Ur 2070-1600 BCE Xia Dynasty 2055-1650 BCE Middle Kingdom 1900-1400 BCE Minoan Palatial Period (Crete) 1792-1595 BCE Old Babylonian (Amorite) 1650-1550 BCE Second Intermediate Period 1600-1178 BCE Hittite Era (Anatolia) 1600-1100 BCE Mycenean Era (Greece) 1600-1046 BCE Shang Dynasty 1550-1069 BCE New Kingdom 1500-1000 BCE Early Vedic Period 1650-1200 BCE Hittites 1392-934 BCE Middle Assyrian 1200 BCE Start of Bronze Age Collapse 1046-221 BCE Zhou Dynasty o 1046-771 BCE Western o 770-221 BCE Eastern 1000-600 BCE Late Vedic Period 934-612 BCE Neo-Assyrian Empire 800-500 BCE Archaic Period 612-539 BCE Neo-Babylonian Empire 586-539 BCE Babylonian Captivity 539-330 BCE Achaemenid Persian Empire 500-323 BCE Classical Period 490 BCE Battle of marathon
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480-479 BCE Second Persian Invasian 431-404 BCE Peloponnesian War 336-323 BCE REign of Alexander III 323-30 BCE Hellenistic Greek Era 322-185 BCE Mauryan India Part I Questions What role did geography and environment play in the development of the early river civilizations? Rivers were important in the development of civilization because they were imperative to sustaining large-scale agriculture. Additionally, climate change during a time where most people were hunter-gatherers forced them to adopt this new lifestyle. Mountains, deserts, and other geographical barriers (or lack thereof) either isolated civilizations or caused them to face others in conflict or diplomacy. According to ancient peoples, what role did gods and heroes/kings play in the emergence of civilization? Many civilizations have creation myths that contribute to creating order within societies with a larger population by combining religion with law. How did migration/invasion impact the early river civilizations? In particular, how did it inspire long-term change or cultural and technological borrowing? Hyskos had chariots, Hittites had iron (?) Part II Questions When, where, and why did the concept of "east" and "west," along with its negative connotations, arise? In 2000-100 BCE, there was a European colonial dichotomy where easterners were seen as untrustworthy, mystic, irrational, and were used as a mirror to reflect Western superiority, seen in Edward Said's Orientalism.
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Christopher Reinemann
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