Physc - Midterm April 9 exam Psychology about using the...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 15 pages.

Midterm April 9 exam Psychology: about using the scientific approach to understand how we process information acquired by our senses and experience emotions, and how those affect our actions - Understanding the causes of mental processes ( e.g thoughts) and behavior by using a scientific approach. - William james referred to as “nasty little subject” - Difficult to study because its multiply determined not one cause Scientific method: A way of learning about the world through collecting observations, developing theories to explain them, and using the theories to make predictions Physcology: the scientific study of behaviour, thought, and experience, and how they can be affected by physical, mental, social and environmental factors The main goal of this course - Overview of psychology and research process by which psychological knowledge is generated, shared and applied. Important to understand differences in how we think,feel and act. Aristotle (4th century BCE) asked questions to understand the relationship between body and psyche. - Assumption of causality William wundt (1832-1920) added two key elements to help make psychology a science 1. Carefully measured observations that relied on introspection 2. Experiments Introspection : the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes. Titchener also relied on self report data and introspection - He had people report on sensations and other elements of experience, in reaction to stimuli. Titchener tried to use these introspective reports to build a model of the mind’s structure - He called this view structuralism William James (1842-1910) wrote Principles of Psychology - Opposed the structuralism focus on introspection and search for smallest elements - He developed functionalism, focuses on the outcome of mental processes and behaviour - James studied human thoughts, feelings, and
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

- behaviours with questions such as - What function might they serve? How might they have helped our ancestors survive? B. F. Skinner (1904-1990): key figure in the emergence of behaviourism - Focus on behaviours as the only way to derive general principles of psychology - Jean Piaget (1896-1980): key figure in the rise of cognitivism - Return to mental processes but using other approaches than introspection Definitions Structuralism: an attempt to analyze conscious experience by breaking it down into basic elements and to understand how these elements work together Functionalism: study of the purpose and function of behaviour and conscious experience Behaviourism: An approach that dominated the first half of the 20th century of North American psychology and had a singular focus on studying only observable behaviour, with little to no reference to mental events or instincts as possible influences on behaviour Why did psychology as a science emerge?
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Fall '19
  • NoProfessor
  • researcher

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern