APUSH-Model-Congress-Late-Second-Party-Roles - APUSH MODEL...

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APUSH MODEL CONGRESS ROLES LATE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM (1840-1860) John C. Calhoun (D) The gentleman from South Carolina. A member of the Great Triumvirate. He advocated for states’ rights and nullification and staunchly supported the slave-plantation system. While he strongly advocated for the preservation of the union, he believed it should not come at the cost of the South’s tradition and culture. Henry Clay (W) The gentleman from Kentucky. A member of the Great Triumvirate. Known as the Great Compromiser, he negotiated major political deals among sectionalists and nationalists. He advocated for national policies through his American System. While a slaveholder, he founded the American Colonization Society. He founded the Whig Party. He negotiated the Compromise of 1850. Daniel Webster (W) The gentleman from Massachusetts. A member of the Great Triumvirate. As a staunch Federalist and Whig ally, he supported national policies such as the American System and argued in front of the Supreme Court in McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden . He advocated for the union in response to nullifiers. He strongly advocated for the Compromise of 1850. Martin van Buren (D/FS) The gentleman from New York. A student of Jeffersonian principles, he supported Andrew Jackson and was instrumental in the political success of the Democratic Party. After his presidency, he opposed the expansion of slavery as a prominent Free Soiler. Thomas Hart Benton (D) The gentleman from Missouri. He acted as Andrew Jackson’s strongest supporter in the U.S. Senate. He staunchly advocated for western expansion. Though a slave-owner he eventually sided against slavery during the latter part of his political career. John Tyler (D) The gentleman from Virginia. Advocated for states’ rights, western expansion, and slavery. While originally a Democrat, he ran on the Whig ticket in 1840 in opposition to Andrew Jackson’s policies. After he assumed the presidency,
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