P a g e 1 - 2 P r i v a t e P e s t i c i d e A p p l i c a t o r T r a i n i n g M a n u a lKey Questions About Integrated PestManagement (IPM)nWhat are the benefits of IPM?nHow would you start an Integrated Pest Management program on yourfarm?nHow do you decide if a pesticide is economical to use or not?nHow is managing a plant disease different from managing weeds?from managing insects?What Is Integrated PestManagement?Pesticides alone will not solve the problem of controlling pests. In fact,the widespread use of pesticides has created new problems, includingdamage to the environment, hazards to human health, and increasedresistance of pests to some pesticides.Integrated Pest Management (IPM) has been developed as a way tocontrol pests without relying solely on pesticides. IPM is a systematicplan which brings together different pest control tactics into oneprogram. With IPM, a farmer uses pesticides as one tool in an overallpest control program.To better understand the concepts of IPM, let’s look at what each of thewords in the term Integrated Pest Managementmeans:Integrated:a focus on interactions of pests, crops, control methods, andthe environment rather than on individual weeds, insects, or diseases.This approach considers all available tactics and how they fit in withother agricultural practices.Pest:a species that conflicts with our profit, health, or convenience. If aspecies does not exist in numbers that seriously affect these factors, itis not considered a pest.Management:a way to keep pests below the levels where they can causeeconomic damage. Management does notmean eradicating pests. Itmeans finding tactics that are both effective and economical and thatkeep environmental damage to a minimum.Control Methods Used in IPMIPM methods include cultural, biological, mechanical, chemical, andlegal controls. None of these alone can solve all problems. Each hasbenefits and drawbacks. For example, tillage helps in weed, disease, andinsect control, but can also result in soil erosion. The purpose of IPM isto help you make decisions based on careful consideration of costs,risks, and benefits.