PLUNKETT_O_MN_507_U_7_Journal.docx - Running head UNIT 7...

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Running head: UNIT 7 JOURNAL 1 Antibiotic use in ear and throat pain Olta Plunkett Purdue University Global MN 566
UNIT 7 JOURNAL 2 Ear and throat Infections Ear infections are common infections in children and not so much in adults. It has the highest prevalence amongst the young children of ages 6-24 months. (Einhorn,2017). Ear pain can be associated with infection of the ear canal or the middle ear. Based on the area where ear pain is located it can be classified as: Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an infection of the ear canal. This infection can happen in adults if they practice swimming frequently thus called swimmer’s ear. When the infection is located in the middle ear it is classified as: Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) characterized by fluid buildup in the middle ear without pus, fever or other signs to suggest infection; Acute Otitis Media (AOM)characterized by fluid buildup and infection in the middle ear caused by bacterial or viruses. (CDC,2017) Throat pain, otherwise called sore throat are most common in all group ages with a higher prevalence amongst children younger than 5 years old. However, the source of its infection is mainly viral in children younger than 5 years of age and adults, and about 70% of the cases in individuals 5-15 years of age. The majority of the throat pain caused by bacteria that causes strep throat, is more prevalent in the individuals of 5-15 years old.(Graham,2011)
UNIT 7 JOURNAL 3 Antibiotic use in ear and throat pain Based on CDC recommendations, use of antibiotics for ear pains is suggested when the infection source is identified as a bacterial organism. CDC explains that the majority of the er infections are caused by Streptococcus pneumonie and requires antibiotic treatment. Among ear infections, AOM is the one that requires antibiotic treatment after: The diagnosis of acute otitis media (AOM) is made in children who present with moderate to severe bulging of the tympanic membrane (TM) or new onset of ottorhea not due

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