Biodiversity Loss Final.docx

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Running head: Biodiversity 1 Biodiversity Loss Nathan C. Bailey Southern New Hampshire University
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Biodiversity 2 Biodiversity is the variety of life in the world or an area. The loss of Biodiversity on the planet means there is less food, less clean water, and more polluted air. According to an article from the University of Michigan loss of species could have a great impact, “As a result, there has been growing concern that the very high rates of modern extinctions – due to habitat loss, overharvesting and other human-caused environmental changes – could reduce nature’s ability to provide goods and services like food, clean water and a stable climate.” (Erickson, 2012) The wildlife in an area helps keep balance in the ecosystem. If even one of the species dies out, it throws the entire ecosystem off and creates major problems. This is a problem in just small areas, imagine what it could cause on a global scale. The loss of plant life lessens the Earth’s ability to produce oxygen and maintain its current climate. This has been proven to increase the rate at which climate change is happening, coupled with the effects of the industrial revolution and time since. In Florida, my home state, biodiversity loss has taken a major toll on wildlife. “As of July 2016, Florida had 124 species—87 endangered species and 37 threatened species—listed under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA).” (Endangered, 2018) A large contributing factor in Florida is population growth. The expansion of housing and urban areas is destroying ecosystems. The more land we clear for housing and other building needs, the more we destroy delicate local ecosystems. When you add the need for more and more agricultural land to feed the booming population, we do not have much room left for indigenous wildlife. Basically, the more we populate an area and take advantage of the resources, the more problems arise. “Growth of the human population is a major factor affecting the environment. Simply put, overpopulation means that there are more people than there are resources to meet their needs. Almost all the environmental problems we face today can be traced back to the increase in population in the
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Biodiversity 3 world.” (Impacts, 2018) Overpopulation is when the area you live in can no longer sustainably support the population. This is a major issue in Florida.
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