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VOLATILITY: DISTILLATION AND DETERMINATION OF BOILING POINT Myrabelle B. Lopez CHEM 31.1- BC ABSTRACT Organic chemistry encompasses almost all fields of chemistry due to its wide range of theories which are mainly focused on carbon that is found in all living organisms. In order to affirm these theories, experiments are conducted to provide proofs. One of the many experiments is volatility which is defined as the ease with which a substance is converted to the gaseous or vapor state. It aims to create a simple distillation set-up that will effectively separate the components of a mixture of two liquids and will help in comparing the volatilities of different organic compounds. The results of this experiments showed that intermolecular forces, vapor pressure, boiling point, molecular weight and temperature affects the volatility of a certain compound.
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I. INTRODUCTION The science of organic chemistry deals with the relationship between molecular structure and properties. Its underlying principles and theories have been established through undertaking several researches and experiments that either proved or disproved its points. As such, these experiments showed actual features that are notable and distinct or shared between each organic compounds subjected to analysis. One simple experiment under this discipline is volatility. It is defined as the relative ease with which a substance passes from the liquid to gaseous (vapor) state by having sufficient energy to break away from other liquid molecules and to maintain the vigorous movement characteristic of a gaseous particle. This experiment is subdivided into two processes: evaporation and distillation.
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  • Spring '15
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