BUSI 715 - Module 4 - Phenomenology Assignment.docx

BUSI 715 - Module 4 - Phenomenology Assignment.docx -...

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Running head: DOCTORAL PERSISTENCE 1 Doctoral Persistence: Understanding the forces behind the completion of doctoral programs. Liberty University
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DOCTORAL PERSISTENCE 2 Design Description The phenomenological research is part of a family of five qualitative methods, focusing on identifying common patterns on the experiences of several individuals [Joh181]. Such research allows the development of a universal view on the human experience. Several features define the appropriate use of the phenomenological study. One of them is the focus on a heterogeneous group of individuals that have experienced the phenomenon in question. The method utilizes observations and documents to access the necessary data to proceed with the analysis of the phenomenon. Moreover, the research creates an outcome that showcases what and how every individual experienced the phenomenon [Joh181]. Therefore, when a focused population of variable size has experienced the same event, it is appropriate to utilize the phenomenological research method. Research Challenges Phenomenology requires the initial understanding and addition of the broader views on the subject topic in the research study. The research should focus on participants who have all experienced the phenomenon so that a common understanding is extracted [Joh181]. Moreover, the researcher needs to add the interpretation of the interviewees’ experiences which pauses the risk of bias in the decision-making process [Chi13]. Although the phenomenology leads to the recording of an individual’s perception of an experience, it presents the risk of including the researcher’s point of view of how the individuals perceive such experience [Joh181]. Problem Statement The general problem to be addressed is that the doctoral studies completion rate is as low as 40% and depending on the course of study and program type (online), that rate can be as low
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DOCTORAL PERSISTENCE 3 as 30% [Jos18]. Doctoral students have been struggling to complete their program of study since the mid-twentieth century, and the problem remains a significant burden for both ends of the spectrum: the candidates and the educational institutions. According to Ivankova and Stick [Nat07],
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