ArticleRead&Respond_And What Will Become of Children.docx

ArticleRead&Respond_And What Will Become of...

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And What Will Become of Children Like Miguel Fernandez? “Y Que Pasara Con Jovenes Como Miguel Fernandez?” Education, Immigration and the Future of Latinos in the United States by Pedro A. Noguera New York, New York ( Footnotes and References are linked to a new browser window for easy viewing.) It is a common cliché to say that the youth are our future, but if this is the case for Latinos in the US then we have good reason to be worried. Latinos have the highest dropout rates and the lowest college attendance rates ( Garcia 2001 ). On most measures of academic performance we are overrepresented in the negative categories (i.e. enrollment in special education and remedial programs, and the number of students who are suspended or expelled, etc.) and we are underrepresented in the positive categories (Honors and advanced placement courses, gifted and talented programs) ( Meier, et. al. 1991 ). In higher education, we are not at the bottom of the achievement hierarchy, but since the advent of high stakes testing in several states across the country, more and more Latino students are leaving high school without diplomas, and are unable to matriculate to college ( Haney 2003 ). Miguel Hernandez is one such student. Miguel is from the South Bronx, a community once described by a presidential candidate as a “hell hole”, and by yet another as the poorest census tract in the United States ( Kozol 1995 ). Despite these negative characterizations of his community, for Miguel the South Bronx is home. He doesn’t think much about the fact his neighborhood has some of the highest rates for asthma, teen pregnancy or juvenile homicide in the nation, or for that matter, the highest unemployment rates in the City ( Gonzalez 2004 ). The litter on the streets, the deteriorated and dilapidated buildings, or the long walk he must take to the subway to get to and from school doesn’t bother him either. For Miguel, the South Bronx is where his abuelita, his familia, his many, many primos all live, as does his novia Sonja and Wilson, his best friend. In fact, Miguel has a sense of pride about being from the Bronx, and he’ll be the first to tell you that it is home to Jennifer Lopez, the world famous New York Yankees, and a long list of notable Latinos. Although I was born in Manhattan and raised in Brooklyn, I have a connection to the South Bronx too. Unlike Miguel my thoughts of the South Bronx aren’t so pleasant. When I think of South the Bronx, the image that comes most quickly to my mind is one of violence and danger. I remember when the South Bronx was burning in the 1970s as a result of fires set by arsonists working for absentee landlords who would rather burn down beat up old buildings to collect insurance than improve them for the people who lived there (( Wallace and Wallace 1998 ; Wunsch 2001 ) My Grandmother lived in the Mitchell Houses on Willis Avenue and 138th Street for over twenty years. The projects are still there, but they are no longer regarded as such a rough or dangerous place to live as they once were. The South Bronx is in the midst of a revival now (
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  • Fall '19
  • NoProfessor
  • Immigration to the United States, Miguel, The Bronx

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