Parmenides of Elea - Lee 1 Amanda Lee Mr Hover English 2...

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Lee 1 Amanda Lee Mr. Hover English 2 Honors November 20, 2017 Parmenides of Elea Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, these three Ancient Greek philosophers are ones that everyone has heard of at least once in history class, but could only three people have made up the entirety of the philosophical theories made in ancient times? There were many philosophers that came before these three. Parmenides of Elea, also known as the father of logic, was one of those pre-Socratic philosophers. He was an Ancient Greek philosopher born around 515 B.C.E. in the Greek city of Elea, located on the southeastern tip of modern-day Italy. Known as one of the most critical thinkers of pre-Socratic times, Parmenides founded the Eleatic School. As a student of philosopher Xenophanes , he studied natural philosophy and metaphysics . Natural philosophy is the ancient equivalent of modern science. However, “Natural philosophers did not test their ideas in a practical way. They preferred a speculative, philosophical approach” (Ankerberg). Metaphysics is the study of creation and the nature of being. Parmenides wrote On Nature,” a poem of 3,000 lines in the dactylic-hexameter line of verse conveying all of his theories and concepts on metaphysics and cosmology. Of the total 3,000, only about 160 lines remain, and they became known as fragments , as the rest are lost in history. Because his poem was often alluded to in the works of other philosophers, the 160 verses were found when scholars went through those works. Parmenides was famous for his theories about existence as his ideas became the basis or inspiration for many of the theories established after his time.
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