Styles of Music.docx - Harmony The way chords are...

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HarmonyThe way chords are constructed and how they follow each otherChord: Three or more tones sounded at onceChord is simultaneous tonesMelody is a series of individual tonesProgression: How chords follow each otherConsonance and dissonance-Stable, restful chords (consonant)-Unstable, tense chords (dissonant) -Resolution: Movement away from a dissonance, towards consonanceTHE TRIADSimplest, most basic chordoMade up of three notesoNotated on 3 adjacent lines or spacesTonic (I): triad built on first scale noteoMost stable, restful chordoPieces usually begin and end on this chordSubdominant (IV): triad based on the 4th note of the scaleoUsually leads to dominant chordDominant chord (V): triad built on fifth scale noteoMost unstable, tense chordoDominant to tonic movement feels conclusiveBroken chords (arpeggios): chord tones sounded in seriesKEYCentering of a melody of harmony around a central noteoKeynote / tonicScaleoThe Major Scale: Whole steps and half steps occurring in a predetermined orderoThe Minor Scale: Whole steps and half steps occurring in a different predetermined orderHalf step: smallest interval used in western musicWhole step: twice as large as the half stepKey SignaturePieces using major scales – major key
Pieces using minor scale – minor keyNumber of sharps or flats played determines scale and keyoAlso determines key signatureo

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