Styles of Music.docx - Harmony The way chords are constructed and how they follow each other Chord Three or more tones sounded at once Chord is

Styles of Music.docx - Harmony The way chords are...

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Harmony The way chords are constructed and how they follow each other Chord: Three or more tones sounded at once Chord is simultaneous tones Melody is a series of individual tones Progression: How chords follow each other Consonance and dissonance - Stable, restful chords (consonant) - Unstable, tense chords (dissonant) - Resolution: Movement away from a dissonance, towards consonance THE TRIAD Simplest, most basic chord o Made up of three notes o Notated on 3 adjacent lines or spaces Tonic (I): triad built on first scale note o Most stable, restful chord o Pieces usually begin and end on this chord Subdominant (IV): triad based on the 4th note of the scale o Usually leads to dominant chord Dominant chord (V): triad built on fifth scale note o Most unstable, tense chord o Dominant to tonic movement feels conclusive Broken chords (arpeggios): chord tones sounded in series KEY Centering of a melody of harmony around a central note o Keynote / tonic Scale o The Major Scale: Whole steps and half steps occurring in a predetermined order o The Minor Scale: Whole steps and half steps occurring in a different predetermined order Half step: smallest interval used in western music Whole step: twice as large as the half step Key Signature Pieces using major scales – major key
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Pieces using minor scale – minor key Number of sharps or flats played determines scale and key o Also determines key signature o
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