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1 - History, Theories and Methods

1 - History, Theories and Methods - Chapter 1 History...

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Chapter 1: History, Theories and Methods The Field of Child Development Seeks to understand all aspects of human development and change from conception through adolescence. Is part of the discipline described as Developmental Psychology, Human Development and also Clinical Psychology. Research in this field is interdisciplinary (biology, psychology, sociology, anthropology). Periods of Development The prenatal period Infancy and toddlerhood Early childhood Middle childhood (ages 6-12) Adolescence (ages 13-18) Emerging adulthood Aspects of Development Physical development Cognitive development Emotional and social development Basic Issues Definition of a theory: Theories are related sets of statements that help us to describe, explain and predict behavior and events. The importance of context: Human development does not occur in isolation. Nature vs. nurture: Controversy of whether nature (hereditary) or nurture (environment) experiences are more influential in a child’s development.
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