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9 - Early Childhood Cognitive Development

9 - Early Childhood Cognitive Development - 9 Early...

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9 – Early Childhood Cognitive Development Cognitive Development in Early Childhood - Piaget’s Theory: o The Preoperational Stage (ages 2-7) Advances in mental representation: Increased language skills Pretend and make-believe play helps children understand and learn Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory - In this theory, the child and social environment combine to influence cognition - Children use self-directed speech (self talk) to guide and direct them - Vygotsky and Early Childhood Education o Make-believe play is important for cognition o Importance of social interaction (peers and teachers) Individual Differences in Mental Development - Home environment and mental development o Preschoolers who do well intellectually have homes with educational toys and books, warm parenting, and appropriate discipline - Preschool and Child Care Environment o Need for quality care o Influences children’s mental development Use of Child Care - Majority of children in the U.S. will be in child care at some time in their lives
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