13 - Middle Childhood Emotional and Social Development

13 - Middle Childhood Emotional and Social Development -...

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Chapter 13 Middle Childhood: Emotional and Social Development Erikson’s Theory: Industry vs. Inferiority - The psychological conflict of middle childhood - It is resolved positively when experiences help children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks - When this conflict is not resolved, children feel pessimistic and have little confidence in the their ability to do things well Influences on Self-Esteem - Children whose parents use an authoritative child-rearing style have higher self- esteem - Warm, positive parenting lets children know they are accepted and loved - Firm but appropriate expectations help children learn to make good choices - Highly controlling parenting communicates a sense of inadequacy to children - Indulgent parenting is linked to unrealistically high self-esteem in children, which undermines development Peer Relations in Middle Childhood - Peer groups: - Composed of peers who form a social unit by generating shared values and standards of behavior - “Peer culture” consists of specialized vocabulary, dress code, and place to hang out - Relational aggression rises among girls, whereas boys tend to be more
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HDFL 124 taught by Professor Koivunen during the Spring '08 term at Wisc Stout.

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13 - Middle Childhood Emotional and Social Development -...

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