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BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA 2.1. Diabetes Melitus Diabetes mellitus (DM) adalah suatu penyakit kronis, yang terjadi ketika pankreas tidak lagi memproduksi insulin dalam jumlah cukup, atau ketika tubuh tidak dapat menggunakan insulin yang dihasilkan pancreas secara efektif sehingga terjadi peningkatan kadar glukosa dalam darah (hiperglikemi). 1 Salah satu gambaran diabetes melitus yang paling menonjol adalah peningkatan kadar glukosa darah atau hiperglikemia. 13 Di bawah ini merupakan kriteria diagnosis diabetes melitus menurut WHO 21 : 1. Sampel darah adalah darah kapiler (apabila darah vena, maka harus dikoreksi bahwa kadar glukosa kapiler adalah 10-15% lebih tinggi daripada vena) 2. Pemeriksaan untuk diagnosis harus secara enzimatik 3. Kadar glukosa darah 2 jam post-prandial untuk diagnosis harus dengan beban 75 gram glukosa 4. Yang dimaksud gejala diabetes melitus di dalam kriteria diagnosis ini adalah: polidipsi, poliuri, penurunan berat badan, dan koma diabetik.
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  • Spring '15

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Christopher Reinemann
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