Womans History Ch.7

Womans History Ch.7 - Mendocino College Spring Semester...

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Mendocino College Spring Semester 2019 Teacher: Rose Women in American History ___ Notes: Chapter 7 Introduction: Women in an Expanding Nation This week we focus on the tremendous movement occurring during the final decades of the 19 th century. This era of movement witnesses mass migration to the West, a burgeoning immigrant population, and tremendous social, political and economic growth (and strain). Chapter 7 of your textbook does a good job of providing the overview of the many movements happening in the latter half of the 19 th century. Therefore, I would like to focus this lecture on the biographies of a handful of women representing the tremendous changes occurring during the period. You will find these women mentioned throughout your text, but hearing their individual stories offers greater insight to the many experiences of women during this era. Historians have customarily acknowledged that women were part of the development of the modern American state. Familiar names you find in your textbook include Zitkala-Sa, who spent her life trying to bridge the cultures of Native Americans and the United States and was one of the first American Indian women who built an independent career as a writer; Sarah Winnemucca, member of the Paiutes, spoke out strongly against the reservation system and served as an ambassador and spokeswoman for her people to obtain provisions and ensure safe communities for the Northern Paiutes; Annie Oakley, an icon of the American West who made a life for herself as a sharp shooting entertainer bucking traditional female roles in the public eye; Josephine “Chicago Joe” Airey, a prostitute and madam who made her living serving the men of Chicago during an era of rapid expansion; Mary Harris (“Mother”) Jones, the fiery labor agitator who was a symbol of defiance wherever strikers gathered; Jane Addams, the humanitarian
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reformer who became a relentless foe of economic exploitation and an equally determined advocate of government regulation;and Phoebe Apperson Hearst, from humble beginnings married a successful miner and became an avid advocate and philanthropist in support of women’s education. Let’s take a closer look now. Zitkala-sa: Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, Zitkala-sa (Red Bird), was an extraordinarily talented and educated Native American woman who struggled and triumphed in a time when severe prejudice prevailed toward Native American culture and women. Her talents and contributions in the worlds of literature, music, and politics challenge long-standing beliefs that the white man's culture is good, and Native Americans are sinful savages. Bonnin aimed at creating understanding between the dominant white and Native American cultures. As a woman of mixed white and Native American ancestry, she embodied the need for the two cultures to live cooperatively within the same body of land. Her works criticized dogma, and her life as a Native American woman was dedicated against the evils of oppression.
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  • Fall '19
  • NoProfessor
  • Native Americans in the United States

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