Chapter 23 The United States and the Cold War, 1945-1953 Part 1 (950-966) 1. What series of events and ideological conflicts prompted the Cold War? First, the Soviet Union had already disliked the U.S. prior to the end of the war because we didn’t give them the atomic bomb and we waited to join the war. The containment policy by George Kennan also went into ideological conflicts, along with the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The events that promoted the Cold War included the Soviet invasion of the Middle East and American support of any country that claimed to be non-communist. 2. Analyze the Cold War political cartoons (see below). The first political cartoon shows a man peeking underneath a curtain. To me, this represents the Soviet Union attempted to broaden their empire and expand communism. As they peek behind the curtain, they look at all the possibiltiies for expansion in the future. The second political cartoon shows the Marshall plan in a tractor and the Marshal Stalin plan in a mechanical environment. To me, this is representing how the Marshal Stalin plan required more work to achieve than the Marshall Plan. 3. How did the US fight the Cold War in Asia? Compare and contrast America’s involvement (or lack of involvement) in China and Korea. In China, Americans worried about the advances of Mao Zedong’s communist party. The Korean War also brought conflict between the United States and China. The Allies divided Korea after liberating it from Japan. Power also seesawed back and forth. U.S. and Korean forces initially pushed south, but then fought their way back to the border. With China, America was more focused on taking down the communist party politically. With Korea, it was more or less through military efforts. 4. How did the Cold War reshape ideas of American freedom? The Cold War reshaped ideas of American freedom as government agencies such as the CIA funded entertainment (the Soviets did the same). We also added “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance because the Soviets opposed organized religion (they didn’t like it because they didn’t want the Pope’s influence). Although America promoted freedom, we were still reluctant to pass certain bills such as Civil and Political Rights along with Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
- Winter '17
- Cold War