Chapter 22 Fighting for the Four Freedoms: WWII Part I (904-923) 1. What steps led to American participation in World War II? When Germany had invaded Poland, Britain and France both got involved due to their mutual dislike of Germany. Germany then took over Paris. As the Axis was winning and the U.S. still wished to be neutral, they supplied the allies with supplies in an act known as the lend-lease act. As we accepted that we could not be neutral, we stopped supplying Japan and didn’t refund them. This was an economic declaration of war on Japan, causing Japan to subsequently bomb Pearl Harbor. 2. Describe the American strategy in the Pacific in World War II. In the Pacific, a specific strategy called leapfrogging was used. It was were the allies would bypass and isolate fortified Japanese positions along with taking certain islands. The term originated due to hopping from island to island. This included taking over an island and establishing a military base there. The base was then used as a launching point for the attack and takeover of the next island. 3. How did the U.S. mobilize resources and promote popular support for the war effort? The U.S. mobilized popular support from things such as photographs, which depicted people fighting hard for the country. Another thing was the four freedoms, which held well with the public (speech, from want, worship, from fear). The Office of Warfare Information was also discontinued because it was becoming to liberal and they only promoted New Deal efforts. The War Advertising Council also gained public support for the war. As for economics, private companies were told to make products and guarantee profits by being given lower taxes. Organizations also gave research grants to focus on research. Women were also encouraged to work in the factories in this time as men were in the army. 4. Complete the Visions of Freedom questions. a. Compare the elements of freedom depicted on the fan with the Four Freedoms of President Roosevelt.