Chapter 23 TEXTBOOK.pdf - C HAPTER 23 1945 Yalta conference 1946 Philippines granted independence 1947 Truman Doctrine Federal employee loyalty program

Chapter 23 TEXTBOOK.pdf - C HAPTER 23 1945 Yalta conference...

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1945 Yalta conference 1946 Philippines granted independence 1947 Truman Doctrine Federal employee loyalty program House Un-American Activities Committee investigates Hollywood Taft-Hartley Act Jackie Robinson integrates major league baseball Freedom Train exhibition Marshall Plan 1948 The UN adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948– Berlin blockade and airlift 1949 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization established Soviet Union tests atomic bomb People’s Republic of China established 1950– Korean War 1953 1950 McCarthy charges that 205 communists work for the State Department McCarran Internal Security Act NSC-68 issued 1951 Dennis v. United States 1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed for spying 1954 Army-McCarthy hearings 1955 Warsaw Pact organized C HAPTER 23
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The United States and the Cold War, 1945–1953 The Cold War led to widespread fears of a communist takeover in the United States (a task far beyond the capacity of the minuscule American Communist Party). This image is the cover of a comic book warning of the danger that communists might overthrow the government, and detailing the horrors of life in a communist America. It was published in 1947 by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society of St. Paul, Minnesota, a religious organization. Church groups distributed some 4 million copies. The text on the bottom of the full cover read “America Under Communism!” ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR The Two Powers The Roots of Containment The Iron Curtain The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan The Reconstruction of Japan The Berlin Blockade and NATO The Growing Communist Challenge The Korean War Cold War Critics Imperialism and Decolonization THE COLD WAR AND THE IDEA OF FREEDOM The Cultural Cold War Freedom and Totalitarianism The Rise of Human Rights Ambiguities of Human Rights THE TRUMAN PRESIDENCY The Fair Deal The Postwar Strike Wave The Republican Resurgence Postwar Civil Rights To Secure These Rights The Dixiecrat and Wallace Revolts The 1948 Campaign THE ANTICOMMUNIST CRUSADE Loyalty and Disloyalty The Spy Trials McCarthy and McCarthyism An Atmosphere of Fear The Uses of Anticommunism Anticommunist Politics The Cold War and Organized Labor Cold War Civil Rights
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n September 16, 1947, the 160th anniversary of the signing of the Constitution, the Freedom Train opened to the public in Philadelphia. A traveling exhibition of 133 historical documents, the train, bedecked in red, white, and blue, soon embarked on a sixteen- month tour that took it to more than 300 American cities. Never before or since have so many cherished pieces of Americana— among them the Mayflower Compact, the Declaration of Independence, and the Gettysburg Address—been assembled in one place. After leaving the train, visitors were encouraged to rededicate themselves to American values by taking the Freedom Pledge and adding their names to a Freedom Scroll.
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