Mangat Lit Review Intro and Outline.docx - Running head:...

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Running head: LITERATURE REVIEWLiterature ReviewShannon B. MangatMaryville UniversityNURS 601November 27, 2018
LITERATURE REVIEWLiterature Review Introduction and OutlineIn patients who are critically ill, endotracheal intubation and ventilator assisted breathingare sometimes necessary to preserve life. But, as with any medical intervention, there arepotential complications associated with these measures. The most common of these beingventilator-associated pneumonia, also known as VAP. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is mostcommonly caused by the micro-aspiration of gastric content into the lungs. VAP is defined aspneumonia that occurs after a patient has been mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours.The occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia increases the length of stay in the intensivecare unit (ICU) as well as the morbidity and mortality rate in those particular patients.Nosocomial infections, such as VAP, also account for a significant increase in the cost of healthcare. Pneumonia is the second leading nosocomial infection in patients who are critically ill with86% of all nosocomial pneumonias being attributed to mechanical ventilation (Koenig & Truwit,2006). There have been many research studies on the prevention of VAP and as nurses it isimportant for us to use this research as a guideline for care. Preventing VAP is not only what is

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Term
Summer
Professor
N/A
Tags
Nosocomial infection, Intensive care medicine, ventilator associated pneumonia

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