Mangat Grand Theory Assignment .docx - Running head: GRAND...

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Running head: GRAND THEORY ASSIGNMENTGrand Theory Written AssignmentShannon B. MangatMaryville University NURS 600January 31, 2019
GRAND THEORY ASSIGNMENTIntroductionNursing theory is utilized to help guide nursing practice and help inspire nurses to obtain a greater knowledge base of our field. There are many pioneers of nursing theory with many different outlooks on the discipline. The purpose of this paper is to explore theorist from the four types of grand theory, including needs, interaction, outcome, and caring, and speak upon the one that fits closest with my personal nursing philosophy. Needs, Interaction, Outcome, and Caring TheoryThe first grand theory type is that of the needs theory. According to Meleis, “The needs theorists were the first group of nurse theorists who thought of giving nursing care a conceptual order” (2018, pg. 198). Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory falls under this category. Orem was a graduate of the Catholic University of America located in Washington, D.C. with her Bachelor ofScience in Nursing (BSN) degree: she then went on to obtain her Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) from the same university in 1945 (Meleis, 2018). Orem worked on the faculty of a local university as a nursing professor and actually founded her theory for the use of nursing school curriculum (Meleis, 2018). The focus of this theory is to look at the capability of a patient to carefor themselves and the actual demands present for self-care. This theory can be broken down further into three sub-theories: self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing systems theory. Self-care is considered an essential element in the healing process. Being able to obtain as much independence as possible is not only good for physical health but is also pertinent for the emotional well-being of the patient. Meleis stated, “The purpose of self-care is to maintain life, to keep the essential physical and psychic functions going, and to maintain integrity of a person’sfunctions and development within the framework of conditions that are essential for life” (2018, pg. 199). Orem’s theory goes to show that being able to care for oneself is a crucial aspect of life2
GRAND THEORY ASSIGNMENTand that nurses should do their part to ensure that patient’s gain as much independence as possible during illness.

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Term
Summer
Professor
Dr. Naser

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