Needs Assessment.docx - Needs Assessment o Need and Needs...

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Needs Assessment o Need and Needs Assessment Need ''the difference between the present situation and a more desirable one'' (Gilmore 2012, p. 8) Actual need (true need); Perceived need (reported need) Needs Assessment A process of identifying, analyzing, & prioritizing needs of a priority population, also called community analysis, community diagnosis, community assessment May be the most critical step in planning o Why a Needs Assessment? 1. Logical place to start (Gilmore 2012) 2. Helps ensure appropriate use of planning resources 3. Lack of one may prevent or delay adequate attention directed to a more important health problem 4. Can help determine internal capacity of a community to address specific needs Individual, organizational, and community resources that can enable a community to take action 5. Develops a focus for an intervention 6. Provides a reference point for future assessments o Needs Assessment Defined ''A planned process that identifies the reported needs of an individual or group'' (Gilmore, 2012, p. 9) ''Process by which health education specialists gather information regarding health needs and desires of a population'' (NCHEC, SOPHE, & AAHE, 2010, p. 20) It is the process of collecting & analyzing information to develop an understanding of the issues, resources, & constraints of the priority population (Anspaugh et al., 2000) ''Process of determining, analyzing and prioritizing needs, and in turn, identifying and implementing solution strategies to resolve high-priority needs'' (Altschuld & Witkin, 2000, p. 253) o (*) A Needs Assessment Should Answer 1. Who is the priority population? 2. What are the needs of the priority population? 3. Which subgroups within the priority population have the greatest need? 4. Where are these subgroups located geographically? 5. What is currently being done to resolve identified needs? 6. How well have the identified needs been addressed in the past? o Acquiring Needs Assessment Data Types of Data
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Primary – data collected that answer unique questions related to your specific needs assessment; often collected via interactive contact methods (Marti-Costa & Serrano-Garcia as cited in Minkler, 2005) Advantage: directly answers questions planners want answered Disadvantage: expensive and can take a great deal of time Secondary – data already collected by someone else (for another reason) & available for your use; often collected via no-contact methods (Marti- Costa & Serrano-Garcia as cited in Minkler, 2005) Advantages: already exists and fairly inexpensive Disadvantage: might not identify the true needs of the priority population o Sources of Primary Data – 1 Single-step (single contact) or Cross-sectional surveys (point in time) gather primary data from individuals or groups with a single contact.
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  • Spring '17
  • DebraJ.Tavasso

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