Health Education Philosophies.docx

Health Education Philosophies.docx - Health Education...

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Health Education Philosophies 1.29.2018 o What is a Philosophy? A statement summarizing the attitudes, principles, beliefs, values, and concepts held by and individual or a group o Why does one need A Philosophy? Helps shape the way we experience our surroundings Influences the way we act toward others in our environment Forms our basis for reality Key in determining our choice of an occupation, a spouse, a religious conviction, and friends o Major Schools of Though Process Content Research o Process School of Thought Focus on techniques and methods Educational process takes precedence and the content is used to facilitate the process Health educator vs. Physician Elementary Teacher Approaches vary according to target population and situation o Content School of Thought Traditional “personal health” approach Emphasis on information dissemination How does the motivation to act and skills to proceed figure into this school of thought o Research School of Thought Focuses on the ability to apply a theoretical framework to a real life situation E.g. Behavioral Chance Models, Program Planning Models o (*) Dominant Philosophies of H.E. 1. Cognitive Based 2. Behavior Change 3. Decision Making 4. Freeing/Functioning 5. Social Change (*) Cognitive Based Focuses on content and factual information (knowledge gain)
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