Chapter 9 - -estates haciendas and elites had most of the...

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Chapter 9 Intro -In Peru the government instituted a reform and was shifting its rule from authoritarian military rule to a democracy, yet a reform still took place -It is difficult for land reform to succeed when it is implemented in the midst of an ongoing civil war -The fact that a revolution still took place suggests that the land reform did not succeed to inoculate all segments of Peru’s population against the appeals of revolution -Unique part about the Peruvian revolt is that the Sendero Luminoso or Shining Path never tried to mobilize nonviolence action, they were bent on reform from the onset Prereform Agrarian Social Order in Peru -The poverty that plagued most peasant communities in Peru was exacerbated by both the nation’s high agricultural density (population to land ratio) and the highly inequitable distribution of land
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Unformatted text preview: -estates, haciendas, and elites had most of the land as usual The Coast: Export Agriculture-The shift to commercial agriculture on the coaswt early in the twentieth century dictated a reliance on wage labor rather than smallholding, sharecropping, or other forms of tenancy-To displace peasants from their land the hacendados would manipulate access to water and other dependencies so that the peasants would move and the land could be used-Hacendados offered little resistance to the formation of unions, but did try to weaken them by migrant workers-however, these workers could not cut the sugar cane like the permanent workers-As a result, sugar workers received better wages and even housing at time-Cotton workers were not as lucky as sugar workers, they were also more at risk to lose their jobs to seasonal workers...
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