MARS.edited.edited.docx - This paper will discuss...

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This paper will discuss expeditions to the red planet which is commonly known as the planet; Mars; it will also discuss some of its geological histories which influence its landing sites on the red planet. It will also tackle the unmanned and manned voyages which have been done and the experience the scientists have garnered. The paper will also outline geological formations that have attracted various expeditions to the red planet and discuss the rovers who are designed to carry out discoveries on the red planet and what the rovers discovered. The paper will also outline some landing sites on the red planet and what they are composed off. Mars is the third planet in the solar system and is the second closest planet to the earth which is more similar to the planet. Whenever people get to think about exploration they usually think of visiting mars. It has received different names like the Romans named it after their god of war which they copied from the ancient Greeks. Egyptians also called the planet as "Her Desher" which means redone, they named it due to its color while some Chinese astronomers named it as "the five star'.Mars is usually known as a home of intelligent just because of its striking color, visible polar ice caps, and its proximity. Recently scientists found that in mars there is some water locked in its ice caps and its soils which are rich in elements such as nitrogen, carbon, and oxygen, these elements are essential and they can support life. These are the reasons why people are obsessed with mars. Scientists have also found evidence of flowing water and ancient lakes; this suggests that the planet has once been a home for extraterrestrial life. Mars has a very bright rust color, and this is due to its regolith which is very rich in iron minerals and some loose dust and rocks which covers its surface. The red soil in mars is as a result of iron minerals which are oxidized or rust, and this makes the soil to look red. It is doubtful for the red planet to support life because the planet is relatively frigid; it has no magnetic fields that protect the presence of
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any being from radiation of space. However, Mars remains the most intriguing target for astronauts and space exploration. The red planet has new facts that make the astronauts have the interest to explore it; the planet had water in the ancient years. It has a thin cold atmosphere this liquid water cannot exist on the Martian surface for any length of time, some features which are known as recurring slope lineae may have spurts of briny water flowing on its surface. These thin atmosphere does not allow water to remain or flow in large quantities on the surface of the planet. Mars has frozen water today, and this implies habitability because it is most likely for life to exist where there is water.
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  • Summer '16

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Christopher Reinemann
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