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Running Head: TEENS AND CONTRACEPTIVE PERMISSION 1 Teens and Contraceptive permission Name Institution
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TEENS AND CONTRACEPTIVE PERMISSION 2 Literature Review Currently, there is no state or even federal laws which require minors or teens to get consent from their parents for them to access any methods of contraception. Increasingly, however, suggestions are being introduced to restrict teenagers from accessing reproductive health care by calling for parental notification or consent. Contraception is defined as a deliberate use of artificial or other techniques to prevent pregnancy which is considered to be a consequence of sexual intercourse. The primary methods of artificial contraception include the contraceptive pill, condoms, or using intrauterine devices such as a coil ( Guillebaud, 2011 ). A review of national 2011 and 2015 data indicates that 95 percent of males and 90 percent of females of ages 15 to 19 reported accessing different forms of contraception. Studies were conducted by Vesely (2005) on more than 1, 500 sexually active teenagers who were under 18 years on whether getting parental consent was necessary. Results showed that the teenagers would opt to forego the birth control methods if they needed parental consent. Seven percent said that they would not engage in sexual immorality if they were supposed to seek parental consent whereas forty-six percent would use an alternative method of contraception such as condoms. Sixty percent of the females surveyed said that their parents were aware that they were using contraceptives (Vesely, 2005). There are a variety of teenagers who would face harm if they are to obtain consent from their parents. For instance, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights (2018), a young teenager who is seeking contraception from a clinic such as Depo- Provera, diaphragm or even birth control pills may be forced to obtain permissions from their parents or guardians. In other situations, a teenager who seeks emergency contraception because of unanticipated or forced sexual intercourse would first need approval, even though emergency
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TEENS AND CONTRACEPTIVE PERMISSION 3 contraception must be used within 72 hours of unprotected sex. Teenagers are at risk of facing parental violence One of the essential factors to consider in the debate over getting permission to obtain contraception is the fact that this kind of control will affect the teenage girls and not the adolescent boys. For instance, if a 16-year old male expresses the desire to obtain methods of
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