Abstract English.edited.docx - Developmental delay is more...

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Developmental delay is more than being a little behind or slower to develop. It means a kid is continually behind in the skills of other children his or her age have. Premature birth makes babies development impairments that have long-term effects. These kids usually have problems that affect various neurocognitive domains such as attention, perceptual-motor function, learning, executive function, social cognition, and language. Even though health professionals try to solve this problem, developmental delays in infants still cause mental retardation. Premature birth affects a developing brain leading to these problems. This is because preterm birth leads to brain abnormalities that affect cognitive functioning of kids born preterm. Additionally, when the function of the central nervous system is interrupted, the impact lasts an entire lifespan. Also, the disruption of the maturation of white matter and myelination process affect brains of preterm babies causing cognitive abnormalities. Research by Thompson et al. (2016) found
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