Finals-2-Pharmaceutical-Dosage.docx - PH-PHR 111 –...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

PH-PHR 111 – Introduction to Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms Ms. Learni Bautista I. Liquids A. Solutions 1. Aqueous Solutions - a liquid preparation of one or more soluble chemical substances, which are usually dissolved in water - Ex. Saline Solution, Hydrogen Peroxide, Alcohol, Syrup a. Waters - a liquid form that is most common aqueous vehicle used in pharmaceuticals that present as an excipient, or used for reconstitution of products, during synthesis, production of finished product, cleaning agent for rinsing vessels, equipment and primary packing materials - Ex. Rainwater, Ground Water, Distilled Water, Water for Injection, Sterile Water for Injection b. Aromatic Waters - a clear, saturated aqueous solutions of volatile oils or other aromatic or volatile substances - 2 Components include: Volatile Oils and Water - Ex. Peppermint Water, Cinnamon Water c. Aqueous Acids - electrolytes; acids form aqueous solutions with a sour taste - Ex. Acetic Acid, Hydrochloric Acid, Sulfuric Acid d. Diluted Acids - acid which contains low percentage of acid in the aqueous solution - Ex. Vinegar (Acetic Acid) e. Solution - a liquid mixture that is formed when solutes get dissolved in a solvent - Ex. Acetates, Syrups such as Sucrose and Glucose f. Douches - is a device used to introduce a stream of water into the body for medical or hygienic reasons, or the stream of water itself - Ex. showering or spraying with water; a syringe with nozzles used to flush and clean the vagina g. Enemas - liquid injected into the rectum; may be used for therapeutic (such as to stimulate evacuation of the bowels or heal inflammation of colon called colitis) or diagnostic (such as imaging studies of the gastrointestinal tract - barium enema) purposes - Ex. Monobasic Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic Sodium Phosphate h. Gargles - used in treating the mucous membrane of the pharynx and tonsils - Ex. Soothing Gargles, Astringent Gargles i. Mouthwash - usually antiseptic liquid preparation for cleaning the mouth and teeth or freshening the breath - Ex. Listerine, Bactidol j. Juices - are the liquid preparation containing medicament meant for oral cavity k. Nasal Solution - are used to deliver medications locally in the nasal cavities or systemically l. Otic Solution - medicine compounded and dispensed for instillation into the ear - Ex. Cortisporin Otis Solution 2. Sweet or Other Viscid Aqueous Solution a. Syrups - fine medicinal (bulk) powders intended to be dusted on the skin by means of sifter-top container - Ex. Paracetamol, LAgundi b. Honey - sweet fluid made by honeybees using the nectar of flowering plants - Ex. Alfalfa Honey, Avocado Honey c. Mucilage
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern